Minimal access surgeries are profoundly employed by the doctors and surgeons in India, mainly because of the ease of the procedures and the quick recovery time. These surgeries can be completed with just one or two small incisions instead of large and heavy cuts on delicate body parts that used to leave marks and also made it difficult for the patient to heal quickly. During the surgery, a surgeon creates a couple of small incisions, depending on the severity or complexity of the issue and then passes a telescope with a small camera. That small camera allows the surgeon to have a better look at the muscles and tendons on a TV monitor. The magnified images captured help the surgeon to operate accordingly. Arthroscopy, Thoracoscopy and Laparoscopy are some types different types of General-and-Minimal-Invasive Surgeries.

Fistulotomy

Currently, there is no other way to treat anal fistulas but to get the surgery done. In most of the cases, where the fistula is straightforward, the treatment is done with the help of fistulotomy. The procedure involves the unrooting of the tract. The doctors connect the internal opening inside the anal canal with the external opening and create a groove that helps in healing form the inside. Fistulotomy is a long surgical treatment with a success rate as high as 97%. Another way to cure anal fistula is through Fibrin glue injection. This method is opted in the cases when the doctor wants to avoid dividing the sphincter muscles.

Haemorrhoidectomy

Even after several years of study, the real cause behind the haemorrhoid disease is unknown. The common etiology behind the disease is associated with straining and irregular bowel movements. Mostly people who suffer from hard, bulky stools are the common patients for haemorrhoid because the hard stools push the cushions out of the anal canal. This leads to congestion and hypertrophy of the anal cushions, making the patients more prone to edema and bleeding.

Haemorrhoidectomy is a process of stapling back the haemorrhoid back in its place. Mostly doctors prefer using a scope with a special probe to locate the haemorrhoidal arteries so that they have to remove fewer tissues. This is a simple procedure and comparatively the least painful method of treating Haemorrhoid.

Laparoscopic Surgery

Treating hernia without surgery is not quite effective. Surgery is suggested for anyone suffering from inguinal hernia. Generally, doctors do not suggest surgery as an option to people who have incarcerated hernia or suffer from bleeding disorders such as haemophilia or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). However, it is advisable to opt for a Laparoscopic surgery instead of open hernia repair. Laparoscopic surgeries are less painful and the chances of a hernia coming back after the surgery are as low as 1 out of 100. A laparoscopic repair requires several small incisions instead of a single larger cut. Studies have found that these surgeries are more effective than open cut repair and help the patients return to their normal routine after 10-15 days.

Phlebectomy

Phlebectomy is an effective treatment done to remove the surface of varicose veins without treating the underlying cause behind it. It is mostly used as a conjecture along with other procedures like endovenous laser and radiofrequency. Since the Varicose Vein surgery is done as a “walk- in, walk out procedure” in clinics, the doctors only go for local anesthesia before the surgery.

For the surgery, a small incision (less than 2mm) is made over the veins by tracing the skin marks. A tiny hook is used to pull the vein up through the skin which is then removed and discarded. Patients usually feel a pulling sensation after the surgery but no pain. In case the patient feels some kind of pain, it is because of some disturbance to the nerves and this is a good way to find out about any kind of nerve damage after the surgery.

Surgical Ablation

Surgical Ablation is a procedure that is used to treat the rhythm problems of your heart. The surgery is done to treat the small areas in your heart that are disturbing the rhythmic process of your heart. This prevents the abnormal electrical signals or rhythms from moving through the heart. During the surgery, electrodes are placed inside the heart that helps measure the heart’s electrical activity. Basically, these small wires help in finding the main cause behind the electric disturbances in the heart, and once that is located, the disturbing tissues can be destroyed and the problem is solved. Further, a small tube (catheter) is inserted through a cut in the neck into the blood vessels near the heart and the small electrodes are placed with the help of the catheter. The surgery usually takes more than 4 hours and needs constant monitoring by the doctor.

Vein Ligation and Stripping

Varicose vein is the condition when your veins get swollen, twisted or enlarged. This mostly affect the legs and are most common in women. It happens mostly when the valves do not transmit the blood properly through the body and the blood starts clotting. The matter becomes serious when the patient experiences symptoms like leg swelling, pain and skin changes. Most patients report mild variations of the varicose veins, just being a cosmetic concern but some face constant aching and uneasiness. Since the major cause of the swelling is because of physical activities, it is curable with self-care measures such as avoiding standing for a longer period, exercising regularly and many more. If varicose veins are causing a lot of damage to your overall health, doctors usually suggest an invasive procedure. Vein ligation and stripping is a surgical treatment wherein surgeon makes cuts in your skin, cuts the varicose vein, and removes it through the incisions.