Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder that occurs due to the deficiency of insulin production by pancreatic beta cells. Stems cells can be used to generate the beta cells. Beta cells are capable of inducing physiological changes in the body and meeting the requirements including pregnancy and obesity, and also insulin secretion. Though the effect of the treatment is transient, the therapy can be continued for long term benefits.

Injuries like cuts, burns, ulcers and diseases like diabetes often leave permanent marks and wounds on the skin. If the stem cells are not that effective, then it takes a lot of time for the wounds to heal. Stem cells have the potential to control the differentiation of the epidermal stems helps boost the engineering of the skin graft that helps in treating the diabetes wounds.