The nasal septum is the wall amid the nostrils that separates the two nasal passages. It ropes the nose and directs airflow. The septum is made of thin bone in the back and gristle in the front. A deviated septum camera.gif occurs when the cartilage or bone is not orthodox. A crooked septum can make conscious difficult. The condition also can lead to snorting and sleep apnea.
The septum can bend to one side or additional as a part of normal growth during childhood and adolescence. Also, the septum can be deviated at birth (congenital) or because of an damage, such as a broken nose. Very few folks have a perfectly straight septum.
Surgery to straighten the septum is called septoplasty, submucous resection of the septum, or septal reconstruction. The surgery may be completed along with other procedures to treat chronic sinusitis, inflammation, or bleeding, or to correct sleep apnea. Septoplasty also can be done to allow access into the nose to remove nasal polyps. In general, septoplasty is needed only when conscious problems or snoring do not get improved without surgery. For more information on surgery to treat chronic sinusitis, see the topic Sinusitis.